Memory Difficulties

Weak Working Memory, Short-term and Long-term Memory cause difficulty with all learning.

Memory Difficulties

There are three types of memory and each one is required to be functioning well to allow a student to be a successful learner. Long-term memory refers to recall of information from a few weeks ago: this is important when recalling facts in an exam. Assistive Technology can assist students with long-term memory difficulties by allowing opportunity of overlearning and repeated exposure to both auditory and visual information: multiple exposures allows more successful storage of information in the long-term memory.

Short-term memory refers to recall of information received a short time ago, such as remembering someone’s name after just being introduced to them and having a conversation. In the classroom this is important in keeping up with the teacher and what is happening in the room. Short-term memory deficits can be supported in the classroom through the use of simple audio recordings with or without added visual support. The student can then independently listen to the instructions again to be able to follow them on their own.

Working memory can be described as a ‘post it note’ in the brain where important information that will be used, is temporarily stored. This is critical when given classroom instructions such as “Put your maths book away. Open your English book to page 115 and start reading the third paragraph”. It is also required when students are decoding sounds in a word that they are unfamiliar with: they need to hold those sounds in their working memory for long enough to be able to blend them successfully and be able to read the word. In spelling, working memory is important because students need to hold the sequence of sounds in the word in their working memory whilst they recall the correct letters/ letter patterns and relevant rules for those sounds to be able to spell the word correctly. There are commercial software programs available to support both visual and auditory working memory deficits.

All ATapps Online Courses teach students to use Voice Capture technology to support working and short-term memory for assignment writing. For more information click here:

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Other areas of learning difficulty

Reading difficulties

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Other areas of learning difficulty

Spelling difficulties

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